The recent attack on far-right candidate and congressman, Jair Bolsanaro, has plunged Brazil’s upcoming presidential election into chaos and enhanced the prospects of a dangerous candidate who has expressed deplorable views and promotes an anti-environmental agenda.
A right-wing populist, Bolsonaro poses a major threat to his nation’s climate commitments, promising to follow President Donald Trump’s lead and withdraw Brazil from the Paris Agreement.
The first poll conducted after Bolsonaro's stabbing shows him rising to 30%. This is a new poll; more established ones will be out soon. Alone in 2nd place for the run-off is the center-left @cirogomes, who I interviewed last week (with English subtitles) https://t.co/84GxcJBnZYpic.twitter.com/PruVJGZl0n
A Bolsonaro victory would land a devastating blow to Brazil’s democracy. Bolsonaro, who is currently capitalizing on a global wave of right-wing populism, has a history of making derogatory statements about marginalized groups.He has shown a contempt for democratic norms, boasting at a campaign rally that he would like to shoot corrupt members of the popular Workers’ Party (PT) and has referred to the nation’s 1964-1985 military dictatorship as a “very good” period.
“Like Donald Trump, Bolsonaro is a racist,” says Paulo Lima, a Brazilian journalist and Executive Director of the non-profit Viração Educomunicação. “He is also a defender of guns. He is against the rights of the LGBTI population and against the women’s rights movement.” Paulo Lima, Brazilian Journalist.
The Lula Effect
The prospects of a Bolsonaro presidency rose dramatically on August 31 when Brazil’s Superior Electoral Tribunal (TSE) declared former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, or “Lula,”ineligible for a third term. He is currently in jail, and could appeal a 12-year sentence for corruption and money laundering.
While Lula’s center-left PT differs considerably from Bolsonaro’s far-right Social Liberal Party, Bolsonaro could attract Lula’s populist-minded voters.
“The ‘outsider’ and ‘maverick’ image Bolsonaro tries to project in his campaign has also attracted non-ideological voters who would be with Lula if he was the candidate,” says Bruno Heilton Toledo Hisamoto, a Ph.D. candidate in International Relations at the University of São Paulo, speaking to La Ruta del Clima. “That is, voters who like Lula’s style more than PT’s ideological platform and see this style in Bolsonaro. Thus, from the right, Bolsonaro gathers the votes that would traditionally go to a moderate Brazilian Social Democracy Party and manages to capture some of the votes that would go to Lula in normal circumstances.”
To rally support, Bolsonaro has vowed to take on corruption and crime, while attacking marginalized groups in the process.
“Bolsonaro draws heavily on the discourse of Donald Trump, to whom he repeatedly paid public tribute since before his election,” says Toledo. “Like Trump, Bolsonaro wants to project the image of an outsider willing to challenge the political establishment and to end traditional politics, despite the fact that he has been a congressman for almost 30 years, with his sons holding elective positions in all areas of the legislature.” Bruno Heilton Toledo Hisamoto, a Ph.D. candidate in International Relations at the University of São Paulo.
A retired captain of the Brazilian army, Bolsonaro also appeals to a militaristic nationalism and accuses the left of being “globalist,” says Toledo. “At this point, he also resorts to xenophobia, rejecting the entry of immigrants into the country since they can ‘steal jobs’ from Brazilian workers.”
Bolsonaro and the Paris Agreement
While climate change has not played a major role in this year’s presidential campaign, and Bolsonaro’s intentions to leave the Paris Agreement have been little more than a footnote in his campaign message, withdrawal would have serious ramifications for both Brazil and the international community. Brazil, which is home to the world’s largest rainforest and ninth-largest economy, is also considered the likely host for the 2019 climate negotiations.
Bolsonaro’s proposed withdrawal was met with harsh criticism from UN Environmental chief Erik Durkheim, who stated:“A rejection of the Paris Agreement is a rejection of science and fact. It’s also a false promise, because politicians who present climate action as a cost to society have got it all wrong.”
However, as Toledo notes, it would be difficult for Bolsonaro to withdraw Brazil from the Paris Agreement because the text was ratified by Congress and the President does not have immediate power to denounce it. “In addition, many Brazilian states also have climate commitments that are independent of federal government action and virtually all large Brazilian companies in all economic sectors are signatories to international declarations in favor of climate actions.”
“My fear here is more practical than legal. A hypothetical Bolsonaro government could sabotage important measures to facilitate the achievement of Brazil’s targets for reducing greenhouse gas emissions, especially in deforestation combat and agriculture. If Bolsonaro loosens only land-use change legislation, the effects on national greenhouse gas emissions would be large.” Bruno Heilton Toledo Hisamoto, a Ph.D. candidate in International Relations at the University of São Paulo.
Concern has also been expressed by Lima, who is fearful:
“If Brazil were to abandon the Paris Agreement, it would have huge consequences for us and it would be a big setback. First of all, Brazil would cease to be a major player in the international arena and in negotiations within the UNFCCC and the Conference of Parties. Brazil would become a major planetary threat because the Amazon would run the risk of totally disappearing. Bolsonaro wants to further strengthen agro-business and the advancement of livestock in the Amazon. This means more deforestation plus increased carbon dioxide and methane emissions, the principal greenhouse gases.” Paulo Lima, Brazilian Journalist.
Much is on the line when voters in the world’s fourth-largest democracy go to the polls this October. A Bolsonaro victory would deliver a devastating blow to the nation’s social, democratic and environmental prospects.
The promise of Mexico’s President-elect Andrés Manuel López Obrador to ban hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, marks a major win for environmental activists.
When asked at a July 31 press conference about the potential risks associated with the technology, Lopez Obrador made it clear his incoming administration will change course. “We will no longer use that method to extract petroleum,” announced López Obrador, according to the Associated Press.
Fracking is an extreme technology used to extract oil and gas from shale and other rock formations. The process involves injecting huge amounts of water, sand and chemicals at high pressure to free reserves trapped deep underground. While fracking has been around for decades, it exploded in the mid-2000s, when the technology was combined with horizontal drilling and other technologies.
Fracking has also been the subject of much criticism. While some have promoted this technology as a favorable alternative to coal, others have rightly criticized it as a “bridge to nowhere.” They have argued that the technology has led to an increase in methane emissions, a much more potent greenhouse gas than carbon dioxide, and slowed the development of renewable technologies. In a 2016 piece for The Nation, climate activist and co-founder of 350.org Bill McKibben wrote, “One of the nastiest side effects of the fracking boom, in fact, is that the expansion of natural gas has undercut the market for renewables, keeping us from putting up windmills and solar panels at the necessary pace.”
A host of other concerns are also raised by fracking. A 2016 report by the Environmental Protection Agency concluded that fracking has the potential to contaminate drinking water supplies. A recent study by the Concerned Health Professionals of New York and Physicians for Social Responsibility linked fracking to a higher risk of asthma, birth defects and cancer. The technology has also been connected to increased seismic activity.
Fracking has expanded rapidly in Latin America. Argentina, with its Vaca Muerta rock formation holding one of the world’s largest shale gas reserves, is considered the fracking capital of the region. Colombia has been in the exploratory stages of embracing this technology after the nation’s Ministry of Mines and Energy gave fracking the go-ahead in 2014.
Mexico, with the shale-rich Burgos Basin on its northern border, has been coveted by private investors looking to exploit the nation’s reserves. The nation opened itself up to fracking and foreign investment in recent years following the passage of a 2014 energy reform bill. In 2017, the country opened the Burgos Basin to private investment for natural gas exploitation. Pemex, Mexico’s state-owned petroleum company, announced its intention to drill more than 27,000 wells in the shale-rich formations in the states of Coahuila, Chihuahua, Tamaulipas and Veracruz by 2045.
Although Lopez Obrador’s stance on fracking is encouraging, he has also spoken out in favor of ramping up oil and gas production in recent weeks, pledging to increase Mexico’s domestic oil production from 1.9 million barrels per day to 2.5 million. Lopez Obrador has stated his administration will invest $9.4 billion in the state-owned energy sector and will oversee the construction of two new oil refineries.
Lopez Obrador offers an intriguing departure from Enrique Peña Nieto’s unpopular administration. While his energy plan appears to be far from perfect, his decision to ban fracking should be considered a major step in the right direction.
(Reminder: La Ruta del Clima has a neutral position with respect to the electoral candidates and the purpose of this series of articles is to inform and facilitate a critical analysis for our readers.)
In these months, we are nearing a change in government in Costa Rica. The electoral process in this country will bring changes, and it is important to analyze in detail how the issue of climate change is reflected in the main agendas of the presidential candidates.
At the international level, Costa Rica is a leader on the issue of climate governance, with its agenda well defined by its Nationally Determined Contribution (NDC). When Costa Rica ratified the Paris Agreement, it was required to develop a NDC, a commitment in which the country establishes targets to comply with global climate objectives. It is a short- to medium-term plan in which the country establishes a commitment to decarbonize its economy and become more resilient in the face of the adverse effects of climate change.
Recently, the University of Costa Rica’s Semanario Universidad conducted a poll on the leading presidential candidates of Costa Rica. Three of these candidates received more than 10 percent support in the polls: Antonio Alvarez Desanti, Juan Diego Castro and Rodolfo Piza.
We will analyze the candidates’ proposals based on the political programs they have available on the Supreme Elections Tribunal (TSE) website as well as their campaign websites. Priority is given to analyze what is publicly available and the candidates’ positions or proposals on climate governance.
How do these candidates propose to give continuity to the Costa Rican climate agenda?
Juan Diego Castro – Lawyer and National Integration Party Candidate
Juan Diego Castro has presented his candidacy for the Presidency of the Republic of Costa Rica and his proposal for government has appeared in several publications. Castro’s proposal is derived from different sources such as his campaign website, Government Plan, and information shared by the TSE.
The National Integration Party (PIN) proposes through its candidate a government of reconstruction, seeking to give more importance to spirituality as individuals and as a collective, to achieve sustainable human development. From different posts on his website as well as his Government Plan, we can begin to get an idea of what Castro proposes on the subject of environmental development. Unfortunately, “climate change,” “mitigation,” “adaptation,” “decarbonization,” and “carbon neutrality” do not appear in Castro’s Government Plan.
Why is there no mention of climate change?
This is clearly the main question that citizens should ask the candidate. We must consider that climate change is one of the main foreign policy issues of this country. National projects, such as carbon neutrality, have been in practice and discussion in the country for many years. Climate change is one of the most significant challenges facing humanity and must be included in development models. Climate governance cannot be absent.
Government plan and environmental sustainability
Castro’s campaign site and Government Plan do not appear to directly address climate change, but aspects related to environmental sustainability are included. It is important to analyze them and explore what relationship they could have with the climate effort that Costa Rica has been developing.
The Government Program of Castro mentions that it is open to criticism and discussion. In this spirit, we carry out the following analysis to begin a dialogue that we hope Costa Ricans have with Castro and other candidates about their proposals.
As noted in the Castro Government Program: “The ideas presented in this document are open to criticism and discussion. They are also open to comments and observations for improvement.”
According to Castro, the urgent issues are:
Waiting lists for the Costa Rican Social Security Fund
Training for employment
The strategic themes are:
The structure and functioning of the state
Competitiveness and economic growth
The justice system and security
“And we will work with strategic issues for the future, such as the structure and functioning of the state, competitiveness and economic growth, and environmental sustainability.” Castro Government Plan
Long-term environmental planning
Castro puts forth a proposal to establish long-term planning, looking beyond emergency management situations and integrating strategic issues into planning.
“Short-term planning, without impacts for future generations, becomes detached from the budget process and fiscal policy. This has resulted in decades of delay in the planning of fundamental areas such as infrastructure, housing, security, education, the environment and health.”
Castro enigmatically proposes “solutions instead of diagnostics” in what seems to be a proposal for action. On the issue of climate change, this can have an ambiguous result. Since the uncertainty with respect to adequate solutions for climate change is constant, it is necessary to adapt and continually reevaluate actions. There is a need to mobilize climate actions in a flexible manner, since these actions form part of long-term processes that are constantly being evaluated, constructed and deconstructed. On the other hand, if we already know how to proceed on issues of climate governance, it would be useful to communicate them in the Government Plan.
“We are not going to make more diagnoses. We are going to propose solutions. Since we are going to govern seriously, we are going to make the most difficult decisions, those that require determination and political commitment at the highest level. We are clear that naming problems and making proposals do not fix anything. To solve problems you have to understand how to do it. We already know how.” Castro Government Plan
In the proposed long-term planning bill published on the candidate’s website, the environment is identified as one of the areas lagging behind. It proposes to tackle this problem with several reforms to the National Planning Law, offering a long-term vision and making it binding on the National Development Plan. The bill proposes that medium- and long-term plans will be established every five years.
“A long-term vision will be established in National Planning and the methods for the preparation and approval of national budgets will be changed to consolidate a true public expenditure policy for development.”
This is an issue of great relevance for climate governance given that the Paris Agreement requires countries to develop a long-term development strategy to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. These documents must be presented to the international community to complement the provisions established by the Nationally Determined Contributions or NDCs, which are the cyclical goals that countries adjust to meet climate goals. Unfortunately, there are no references in the proposal to any specific climate or environmental aspect, beyond identifying it as a sector, so what is stated is abstract. This is an important issue given that currently only six countries have submitted their long-term strategies, with Costa Rica’s waiting to be developed.
The other source of documentary information that we found to understand Castro’s climate ideology, were the direct statements from the TSE, where each candidate presents the main points proposed in their respective plans. On the issue of environment and energy, specific actions of Castro’s environmental agenda are laid out. Natural capital, green taxes, the improvement and reinforcement of environmental policies (urban planning, waste, water resources, and unsustainable performance of productive activities), the alignment of environmental policies with businesses and industries and the strengthening of the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are all mentioned here. It is also said that the planning of the country will be revised to “consolidate sustainable economic and social development, which fosters business growth, employment and sustainable use of the natural wealth of the country.”
In addition, in the transportation infrastructure section of Castro’s Government Program, there is a proposal to develop a rapid train in Costa Rica’s Central Valley through the public works concession. It would be an electric train for public transport in the greater metropolitan area of San Jose, which would reduce travel times of users and road congestion. This proposal is compatible with Costa Rica’s NDC, which calls for an “inter-city electric train.”
The government program sets forth a vision of environmental sustainability as a necessary condition for development. The use of the word natural capital is important, since it expresses a vision of nature from the economic perspective and values its existence in terms of the ecosystem services it provides to society.
“Priority will be given to existing public policies that promote the country’s strong sustainability, consistent with the management of natural capital to promote economic growth and sustainable development. This is to optimize productive resources and environmental services with a functional institutional environment.” CastroGovernment Program
Another interesting proposal is to revise the governance of Ministry of Environment and Energy (MINAE) on environmental issues, the scope and effectiveness of its stewardship. For a ministry that changes acronyms with each government according to its political vision, it is something that the citizenry should inquire about with the candidate.
What aspects and why do you consider that the governance of MINAE should be revised?
The environmental section of Castro’s Government Program says that it will focus on five areas of political action: “urban expansion and weak urban planning; contamination by solid and liquid waste; the degradation of water resources; the restoration of productive landscapes, and the unsustainable performance of productive activities.”
Other actions that arise are:
Create a national system of environmental and geospatial statistics
Consolidate the water resource integrated management
Strengthen the use of economic instruments for environmental management in the public and private sectors
Design economic incentives for the management of water, forests and biodiversity
“If we live on a treasure of gold or oil, we will exploit it accordingly,” said Castro.
Castro went on to say: “We are not going to subordinate the development and production of this country to the tricks, business and whims of the ecoterrorist groups. I know them, I have confronted them and I have stopped them.”
And climate change?
Unfortunately, there is no mention of climate change in the publications available on the candidate’s website, Government Program or information provided on the TSE website on governance. There is no mention of key instruments that are being developed as a result of the Paris Agreement or the programs – projects of participating countries.
There are proposals that can be inferred or related to necessary climate actions, but there is no systemic approach in the Government Program. For example, Castro refers to the SDGs, of which objective 13 is climate action. However, it would be irresponsible to consider this an adequate alternative to directly addressing climate change.
The climatic actions that the country has been developing over the last two decades and its current commitments are tangible, measurable and have a timetable. Proposals to increase their aspiration or promote their implementation should be in accordance with the reality of climate governance and not ambiguous or abstract. This is what we need to see in the Government Programs or in what is communicated by the candidates in the final phase of the elections.
Climate change governance is not only complex, but is essential for sustainable development plans in any country. Climate governance is currently reflected in a solid planning and legal structure that Costa Rica has developed over the last 23 years. In addition, it is an issue that transcends the national sphere, since the actions we carry out and declare before the international community will be reported and evaluated with respect to the objectives we set in the NDC as the goal of reduction that all countries have. It is a cross-cutting issue but also interdependent with the international community.
The continuity and aspiration of climate governance at the national level is essential.
It is necessary to establish a dialogue about what candidates propose in their programs and the key tools of climate governance, such as the NDC. In this way we can guarantee progress, transparency and continuous aspiration in the climate action that the Paris Agreement asks of us. This is a task that all citizens must undertake in exercising their right and democratic power.
Los jóvenes en la COP20 madrugan. Todos los días se reúne Youngo causando que las personas jóvenes de todas las organizaciones presentes en la COP20 se junten.
En esta semana se celebró el día de la Juventud y de las Futuras Generaciones. En el cubículo de la Juventud de Naciones Unidas nos congregamos para hacer entrega de una camiseta a dos miembros de comités de la COP. Es un acto simbólico donde se busca obtener la validación y la atención de los diferentes espacios de la conferencia.
Me pareció muy irónico el control que tiene la COP sobre cualquier expresión colectiva y directa. No pasó desapercibido este gesto e intervino la seguridad. Durante la organización de este pequeño gesto se discutió como éste representaba una “acción” y por ende debía tener permiso y ser coordinado.
Afortunadamente nos pudimos trasladar al pasillo contiguo y continuó la actividad. Los oficiales. Compartieron sus pensamientos sobre la participación joven. Estas declaraciones están disponibles en el canal youtube de climate4change:
También, varios compañeros les cantaron una hermosa canción dándoles un mensaje artístico y cultural. Esto tambien pueden encontrarlo en nuestro canal de youtube:
Si bien la COP tiene una agenda y un estatus quo, existen expresiones de disidencia y diversidad política. Sin embargo, este tipo de acción política depende más de la participación ciudadana que del reconocimiento de los negociadores
La COP tiene un ritmo absorbente que te lleva de foro en foro. Hay muchas cosas que hacer en poco tiempo. Tal vez para esta actividad hay que tener claro los objetivos personales o grupales para poder diseñar y encausar los esfuerzos diarios.
Durante la COP 20 tuve el placer de encontrarme con grupos de jóvenes planeando actividades para expresar a los negociadores y demás delegados sus posiciones. Pueden ver el vídeo de esto en youtube: http://youtu.be/Em2LzwxjzfU
Dentro de la gran cantidad de eventos paralelos me encontré con esta iniciativa. Es una plataforma para documentar las distintas iniciativas o acciones que realizan los jóvenes en el mundo. Visiten: acción.youthclimate.org
Luego de tanta preparación nos agrupamos en la plazoleta afuera del pabellón de delegaciones para dar inicio al flash mob.
La actividad, de manera muy artística trató de compartir la preocupación generalizada de los jóvenes respecto a la lentitud y falta de eficacia de las negociaciones y del peligro que representa el cambio climático para nuestro presente y futuro. Pueden ver el vídeo en youtube: http://youtu.be/z8yJUOwlTDk
De igual forma esta presentación interactiva de #climatetest trato de recalcar las fallas y acciones a medias que tienen los países en el mundo. Les invito a buscarlos en la web.
Ya casi cerrando el día, me encontré con este grupo de compañeras y compañero dando declaraciones a la prensa sobre por qué participan en la COP20 y la relevancia que tiene el cambio climático en nuestro pesente y futuro.
La juventud es el presente y estamos dejando nuestra huella en la arena internacional. Esperemos que el movimiento siga en nuestros países durante todo el año para realizar el cambio sistémico que nos urge.
Empezamos el día corriendo a registrarnos para poder ingresar a #COP20. En este viaje hemos enfrentado muchos obstáculos y retos pero todos han sido un paso dentro de nuestro aprendizaje. El poder ingresar al corazón de la COP20 nos ha facilitado conocer que es lo que ocurre y como se mueve el mundo de las negociaciones de cambio climático.
Un momento de desconcierto al poder entrar y sentirse con la inminente tarea de aprender cómo funciona esta gran reunión climática. Por lo que decidí avanzar y recorrer los diferentes espacios observando y preguntando. Fue una gran tarea que a este día no creo haberla dominado pero es parte de nuestro viaje en @larutadelclima.
El primer día llegue bien temprano y los salones del pabellón G estaban vacíos ya que las ONGs no habían llegado aún. Me dedique a verlas una por una para darme una idea de quienes logran tener un espacio en la COP. Me recuerda que en el otro recinto abierto al público VocesXelClima habían muchas ONGs que aún tengo pendiente visitar.
A las ocho de la mañana se reunía #Youngo que es un órgano constituyente de la UNFCC en el cual pueden participar los jóvenes. Les invito a visitar la pagina web: http://youthclimate.org/about_youth_climate/youngo-unfccc/ Esta organización se encarga de unir a los jóvenes del mundo para incidir en las negociaciones de la COP. Durante la COP los jóvenes que están acreditados se reúnen para planear las actividades que se realizaran en la COP20. Sin embargo, Youngo se maneja de manera virtual y todos pueden ser miembros si te unes a la lista de correos.
En todos los pabellones hay cientos de personas hablando, trabajando, corriendo y en movimiento. Esta da una sensación de agitación y da la impresión de que el tiempo se agota, lo cual en cuanto al cambio climático y lo que podemos hacer para evitarlo resulta bastante precisa.
Esta imagen que tienen arriba es muy importante. Esta es la plenaria de la COP20. Si bien hay muchos salones de reuniones en otros pabellones en donde las negociaciones puntuales se realizan, es en este donde se ubica el corazón de la COP20. En el fondo de la foto podemos ver una pantalla y desde ahí empiezan las sillas de todas las delegaciones de países y de organismo internacionales. Luego, al final están las sillas de las demás personas acreditadas. Estuve durante el discurso del representante del Panamá donde realizo un llamado a invertir en Adaptación al Cambio Climático.
Entonces, tenemos exposiciones de ONGs, la plenaria, la prensa, salones de trabajo, salas de negociación, pabellones de países y muchos otros espacios en esta actividad enorme. He estado aprovechando esta oportunidad para oír y aprender que se esta realizando en el mundo en el tema de adaptación al cambio climático ya que esta es una de las prioridades para nuestra región.
El primer día en la COP concluyó dejándome mas ubicado sobre el funcionamiento de la COP20 y con una gran tarea para el siguiente día. Espero poderles contar al respecto mañana.
Luego que nuestra compañera Rosa partió hacia Costa Rica emprendí el viaje hacia #Vocesxelclima. En esta aventura me acompañó Joaquín un compañero de MOJA organización hermana de Mexico.
Visité el pabellón informativo y un espacio donde las ongs expusieron sus iniciativas. Pudimos experimentar y aprender sobre el cambio climático con medios interactivos.
Además tuvimos la oportunidad de ser guiados por voluntarios quienes nos compartieron sus conocimientos y acompañaron por el recorrido.
Vimos ejemplos sobre alternativas tecnológicas para adaptarse al cambio climático.
Luego nos dirigimos al pabellón indígena para conocer sobre las propuestas y perspectivas de los pueblos indígenas respecto al cambio climático y la cop20.
La experiencia fue muy interesante y nos permitió conocer sobre la variedad de temáticas transversales que unen a los pueblos indígenas y al cambio climático. Mientras, estaba haciendo este recorrido me llego una gran noticia. Pero mejor se las cuento con una foto:
¡Estaba tan feliz!@larutadelclima llegó a la cop20 y tambien me pase a la casa CLIC donde me estaré quedando
After our colleage Rosa left to Costa Rica I started the journey to #voicesfortheclimate. In this adventure I was accompany by Joaquin a friend from our sister Mexican organization MOJA.
I visited the introductory and ong pavilion where I learned about different initiatives. We were able to experiment and learn about climate change through interactive stands.
Also we had the opportunity to be guided by volunteers that shared their knowledge and walked with us through the exposition.
We saw examples of technological alternatives for adaptation to climate change.
After we walked to the indigenous pavilion to learn about their perspectives and proposals in regards to climate change.
The experience was very interesting and it allow us to know more about the huge amount of crosscutting topics that join indigenous peoples and climate change. While, I was in this trip a good news came to us but I’ll tell you with a photo:
I was so happy! @larutadelclima arrived in the cop20. Also, I moved into casa CLIC where I’ll be staying during the COP20.
Durante estos días de la coy10 jóvenes de todo el mundo nos hemos reunido para debatir sobre las negociaciones de la cop20 y aprender sobre diferentes temáticas del cambio climático.
De Costa Rica hemos venido un grupo de seis pioneros a la coy10. Somos jovenes que tenemos un gran interés sobre la cop20 y el Cambio Climático. Somos una delegación variada en nuestras capacidades y diversa en la forma que incidimos en el tema. Sin embargo, creemos firmemente en la participación de la Juventud en esta gran tarea. No sólo porque se define nuestro futuro sino porque define nuestro presente.
Como costarricenses nos unimos a decenas de jóvenes del mundo en una sola voz. Algunos han viajando miles de kilómetros para llegar a Lima y nos acompañado acampando en la coy10. Juntos hemos participado en los eventos y formando una comunidad activa sobre el Cambio Climático.
Mañana nos reuniremos para formular la declaración de la Juventud sobre el cambio climático y sentaremos las bases sobre las cuales creemos las negociaciones climáticas deben encausarse.
Nuestro viaje por Perú apenas empieza. A partir del lunes cubriremos las diferentes iniciativas que se desarrollan alrededor de la COP20 para mostrar el lado ciudadano y participativo. Además, realizamos esfuerzos para poder ser acreditados en la COP20 y poder abrir una ventana para la ciudadanía hacia estas negociaciones.
Volviendo nuestras voces en acciones. Sigue nuestro blog y twitter @larutadelclima en este viaje y hagamos nuestras voces impactar la ruta del clima.
During the days of the #coy10 youth from around the world have gathered to debate about the negotiations of the #cop20 and learn about the different topics of climate change.
From Costa Rica a groups of pioneers have come to #coy10. We are a youth that have a great interest in the #cop20 and climate change. We are a delegation with a variety of skills and with diverse means to impact this issue. However, we consider extremely relevant the participation of youth in this great task. Not only because it defines out future but because it conditions our present.
As Costa Ricans we join dozens of youth from around the world in one voice. Many of them have traveled thousands of miles to arrive in Lima and some of them joined us in the coy10 campground. Together we have participated in events, trainings and we have consolidated an active community to tackle the climate change issue.
Tomorrow we will gather to create the declaration of youth on climate change and we will set the bases upon we believe the climate change negotiations must be set forward.
Our journey in Peru is just beginning. On Monday we will be covering the different initiatives that exist around the #COP20 to show how does citizen participation looks like in this event. Moreover we will make an effort to be accredited to the COP20 and be able to open a window for citizens into the negotiations.
Turning voices into actions. Follow our blog and twitter account @larutadelclima to know more about this project. Let’s make pur voices impact the route of our climate.
Estamos en Lima y estamos en la ruta. Muy emocionados nos dirigimos hacia las conferencias, cumbres, charlas y marchas sobre cambio climático en Perú. Ya hoy nuestra compañera Rosa llego en la noche a Perú. Yo salgo mañana haciendo escala en varios países hermanos: Colombia y Bolivia. Por un corto tiempo compartiré su suelo.
Al llegar a Lima iremos directo a la Universidad Nacional Agraria La Molina en donde esperamos poder compartir con 300 compañeros y compañeras de todo el mundo en un campamento. Acamparemos con la juventud del mundo desde el jueves 27, hasta el domingo 30. Este fin de semana seremos parte de la COY10 aportando nuestras voces para volverlas acción.
We are in Lima and on route. We are very excited to be heading towards climate change conferences, summits, and peoples gatherings in Peru. This night our colleage Rosa arrived in Peru. I will be leaving to Peru tomorrow but in the way I will stop in our brother countries of Colombia and Bolivia. I will share their soil for a little while. We will be camping with the worlds youth from thursday 23th untill sunday 30th. This weekend we will be part of C0Y10 by joining our voices to turn them into actions.
As soon as we arrive in Lima we will be heading towards the National Agrarian University La Molina where we hope to share experiences with 300 colleages from around the world in a camping ground.
Finalmente llegué a Lima. Gracias a mi amiga Meli por recibirme en el aeropuerto y por darme la oportunidad de acercarme por primera vez a esta enorme ciudad viajando en transporte público. Fueron casi 2 horas en bus, más que mi vuelo de CR a Panamá, pero tuve la oportunidad de sentir el tamaño de la ciudad y cómo se mueve. Definitivamente amo viajar en bus! Me permitió ver que Lima tiene las mismas dificultades que San José: exceso de vehículos, falta de planificación vial.. Pero también ví que es una ciudad que se está poniendo las pilas: varias lineas de metro, préstamo de bicicletas en algunos distritos.. En fin, parte de lo que soñamos para Chepe y que los peruanos nos están mostrando que sí se puede hacer.
Antes de llegar a la COY10, tendré la oportunidad de visitar Pachacámac, sitio arqueológico al sur de Lima.
I finally arrived in Lima. I want to thank to my dear friend Meli for welcoming me at the airport and giving me the priviledge of getting to know this huge city for the first time using public transportation. My flight from Panama and the bus ride took about 2 hours, but I had the opportunity of feeling the size of the city and learn how it moves. I definitely love to travel by bus!
I am noticing that Lima has the same difficulties than San Jose, Costa Rica, where I am from, meaning the excess of vehicles, the lack of road planning. Whoever I also saw that it is a city that is getting started to change: there was a couple of subway rails, bike rentals in some districts. In other words, some of the things we in “Chepe” (San Jose) dream that the Peruvians are showing us that it can be done.
Before arriving to the COY10, I will have the opportunity to visit Pachacámac an archaeological site in the southern part of Lima